Zero Waste - Recycling Like You've Never Seen It
Due to a decades-long trade embargo with the United States, which subsequently affected trade between Cuba and other countries, basic necessities can be impossible to find. This need has forced Cubans to improvise and find new, creative ways to solve everyday problems.
Restaurants operating out of small homes bake custard into the bottom halves of old aluminum beer cans and take-out restaurants serve fresh sugar cane juice in glasses made of sawed-off beer bottles. Homemade hot sauce and tomato puree are sold in Havana Club rum bottles. Fresh-squeezed limejuice is sold in old perfume bottles. Discarded individual portion-sized butter wrappers are washed and repurposed as wrappers for homemade chocolates and candies sold on the street. In Holguin, instead of paying $1 for a new cigarette lighter, “focforeras” repair and refill old lighters for 5 – 10 cents.
Cubans bring their own plastic restaurant to restaurants when they want to order take-out and bring their own honey jars, beer bottles, and water jugs to shops and bars to be filled with homemade soda and beer, which is also served from recycles 1.5 liter soda bottles or re-purposed plastic gasoline jugs. Disposable diapers are washed and hung in the sun to dry for re-use. The latch on the bathroom door is broken in the national park? No problem, loop an old hair band around the doorknob and a nail to keep it shut!
Creativity grows out of necessity and the economic situation in Cuba has turned the country into a hotbed of creativity, improvisation, and ingenuity. Traveling through the country has made me so much more aware of my own consumption and wastefulness. In fact, I'm known to hyper-obsess about minimizing waste and tend to get a bit too judgey with normal people who aren't as obsessed as I am. I admit, it's weird that I will carry 15 items by hand out of a store instead of taking a plastic bag. It's also weird I'll go around a restaurant table trying to collect leftovers to give to homeless people. I get funny looks when I approach conference organizers to request leftover platters of food so I can hand them out on the street. It's also weird that I swipe bags out of the bag recycling bins at supermarkets so that I don't have to ask for new bags. People sometimes look at me funny when I bring my own leftover containers to restaurants but several friends have recently told me they started doing the same. Every little bit helps and Cuba is a shining example of how to get by with few possessions and re-use, re-cycle, and re-work belongings instead of simply throwing them in the trash, as we do all to often in the United States.